To eat, swallow, talk and yawn we use the jaw, whose movements are caused by the musculature and the temporomandibular joint, or better known by its acronym ATM. The truth is that we use it continuously, almost without realizing it, and that is why as soon as we feel discomfort such as pain in the area, which is also close to the ear on each side of the skull, or other impediments such as difficulty in opening the In the mouth, we care and ask about the origin of this.
To deepen the jaw pain related to the joint, we have contacted the doctor Miguel Beltrán Andreu head of the Dentistry Service and Orthodontics of the Hospital Quirónsalud Valencia, who explains the most frequent problems associated with ATM.
Jaw pain: what causes it?
A malfunction of the temporomandibular joint or TMJ can cause pain of jaw, in addition to other symptoms. Therefore, if discomfort is detected in this area they could be related to a possible disorder in this joint and it is important to consult with a dentist who is also an ATM specialist, who will assess the signs and help determine why these discomforts arise, as well as adequate treatment
What are the most frequent discomforts in the jaw?
The symptoms are varied, although they can usually occur:  Discomfort when chewing yawning or speaking
Do wisdom teeth cause jaw pain?  In some cases, it is possible to associate r this pain to wisdom teeth, which can sometimes cause swelling in the mouth and pain. Given this, the body reacts with the contraction of the muscles responsible for opening the mouth; hence, any action that involves opening or moving it, such as speaking, generates pain.
Is it normal to notice noises when moving the mouth?
Noises in the mouth can be just that, noises, or they may be accompanied by jaw pain In both cases, it is advisable to go to a dentist's office specialized in ATM to know why this sound is produced and, if it is the case, avoid other difficulties in the future. Keep in mind that noise is still a warning given by the body to warn us of possible joint problems.
Difficulty opening the mouth
This sensation may be due to two causes:
- Contraction of muscles The muscles contract so much that prevents full opening of the mouth, which opens very little and generates pain when trying to force it. In this case, it is advisable to consult our professionals specialized in temporomandibular joint and, perhaps, in Physiotherapy.
- Joint disorder. This problem may be caused because there are badly placed bones . As in the previous case, it is recommended to consult an ATM professional.
Headache from clenching and grinding teeth
Headache is often related to the discomfort caused by tension in the neck muscles, lateral head and temples. Among the causes of this tension is stress, which can create inappropriate habits in the movement of the mouth, such as clenching or sliding the teeth, causing them to squeak. This is how the muscles responsible for moving the mouth tense and suffer from overload and contractures, which end up causing the headache.
Headaches and migraines or migraines
The causes of these headaches are still uncertain, although there appear to be certain habits that can act as triggers of pain, such as clenching teeth. In these cases, improvements could be noted with the use of splints or specific devices.
Relationship with tooth sensitivity
It is one of the possible consequences of clenching of teeth or its grinding since they are habits that wear enamel. This, in turn, can lead to a tooth sensitivity that occurs when you drink or drink something very cold, brush your teeth or take a breath.